Product Description and Features
Compounding and Handling:
RMC-1000D may be handled using conventional equipment and methods.
Toxicity and Safety RMC-1000D is believed to be slightly irritating to the skin. It is believed to be practically non-toxic, both by oral and dermal contact. If eye contact occurs, flush thoroughly with water for at least 15 minutes. If skin contact occurs, wash exposed areas with soap and water. When handling, chemical type goggles or face shield is recommended to prevent eye contact. Workers should also wash exposed skin several times daily with soap and water. Always use good personal hygiene.
For more extensive information on the safe handling and use of this product, request the Material Safety Data Sheet.
First Aid Measures
Notes to Physicians
Because of the danger
of aspiration, emesis or gastric lavage should not be employed unless
the risk is justified by the presence of additional toxic substances.
Activated charcoal may induce vomiting, but may be given after emesis or
lavage to absorb toxic additives. Steroid therapy in mild to moderate
cases does not improve outcome. Bacterial pneumonia often occurs after
exposure, but prophylactic antibiotics are not indicated and should be
reserved for documented bacterial pneumonia.
Personal Protective Equipment
The skin notation following the exposure guideline refers to the potential for dermal absorption of the material. It is intended to alert the reader that inhalation may not be the only route of exposure and that measures to minimize dermal exposure should be considered
ael is (RMC Energy
Technologies, LLCs) acceptable exposure limit. Where governmentally
imposed occupational exposure limits, which are lower than, the AEL are
in effect, such limits shall take precedence.
A single inhalation or dermal exposure to Kerosene produces skin irritation, diarrhea, reduced activity, and temporary weight loss. Repeated dermal exposure produces changes in blood analyses and organ weights.
A single ingestion exposure to Kerosene produces intestinal irritation (anal lesions). Repeated exposure to Kerosene produces intestinal irritation, diarrhea, and inactivity.
Mouse skin painting studies indicate that petroleum middle distillates, which include kerosene, can cause skin cancer. Kerosene does not produce developmental toxicity and heritable genetic damage in animals, or genetic damage in mammalian cell cultures. Genetic damage has been observed in bacterial cell cultures.
Dermal absorption of Xylene in animals causes narcosis. Toxic effects described in animals by inhalation include upper respiratory irritation; central nervous system effects; behavioral effects; decreased weight gain; hearing loss; and effects on the blood, liver, kidneys, heart, spleen, lungs and bone marrow. By ingestion, xylene caused central nervous system effects; decreased body weight and liver effects. Tests of xylene in animals demonstrate no carcinogenic activity. Xylene does not produce heritable genetic damage in animals or genetic damage in bacterial or mammalian cell cultures. Although abnormal sperm were observed after an interperitoneal injection in rats, xylene did not produce reproductive effects. Developmental toxicity was observed in animals exposed to xylene but only at concentrations that were maternally toxic.
Vinyl Acetate is a slight skin and a severe eye irritant, but is untested for animal sensitization. No effects from repeated exposure to Vinyl Acetate by inhalation were observed at 100 ppm in rats. Exposure to higher concentrations of Vinyl Acetate by inhalation caused eye irritation and lacrimation, reduced weight gain, and irritation of the respiratory tract with breathing difficulty. The effects observed in rats and mice exposed by inhalation to 200 and 600 ppm for two years include reduced body weight. Repeated exposures by administration of Vinyl Acetate in the drinking water caused decreased weight gain, and low liver weights. Reduced body weight occurred in rats administered 5000 ppm in their drinking water for two years. Vinyl acetate is weakly carcinogenic in rats, but not in mice. The compound does not have an adverse effect on the development of rats and its effect on reproduction is not considered significant. The genotoxicity of vinyl acetate is equivocal. Genetic damage was produced in some types of cell cultures and in animals, but was negative in other studies. No tests for heritable genetic damage were available.
RMC-1000D Material Safety Data Sheet
Composition / Ingredient Information
*Disclosure as a toxic chemical is required under Section 313 of Title III of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 and 40 CFR part 372.
Potential Health Effects
Inhalation or ingestion of Xylene or Ethylbenzene may cause nonspecific discomfort, such as nausea, headache, or weakness; or temporary nervous system depression with anesthetic effects such as dizziness, headache, confusion, incoordination, and loss of consciousness.
Inhalation or ingestion of Ethylbenzene may cause abnormal liver or kidney function. Aspiration of Ethyl benzene into the lungs during ingestion or vomiting may lead to chemical pneumonitis.
Ingestion of Xylene or Ethylbenzene may cause gastrointestinal tract irritation. Higher exposure to Xylene may lead to cardiac stress; anemia and other blood changes; respiratory effects; possible liver and kidney damage; or fatality from gross overexposure. Inhalation of Kerosene may cause nonspecific discomfort, such as nausea, headache, or weakness; temporary nervous system depression with anaesthetic effects such as dizziness, headache, confusion, incoordination, and loss of consciousness; or possibly modest initial symptoms of lung irritation, followed in hours by severe shortness of breath, requiring prompt medical attention.
Ingestion of Kerosene may cause liver and kidney effects; or gastrointestinal irritation with upper abdominal pain, heart burn, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. However, there may be no symptoms at all. A serious ingestion hazard is aspiration (liquid entering the lungs during ingestion or vomiting) which may result in chemical pneumonia. Symptoms include coughing, gasping, choking, shortness of breath, bluish discoloration of the sin, rapid breathing and heart rate and fever. Pulmonary edema or bleeding, drowsiness, confusion, coma and seizures may occur in more serious cases. Symptoms may develop immediately or as late as 24 hours after the exposure, depending on how much chemical entered the lungs.
Pulmonary fibrosis has been reported in cable plant workers exposed to mist and vapors of mineral oils and kerosene for 5-35 years. Because of mixed exposures to mineral oils as well as kerosene it is difficult to attribute these effects to kerosene alone.
Eye contact with the product ingredients may cause eye irritation with discomfort, tearing, or blurring of vision. Direct exposure may cause skin irritation (redness, swelling). A single prolonged exposure may result in the material being absorbed through the skin in harmful amounts.
In general, overexposure to high atmospheric concentrations of alkyl-substituted aromatics may produce central nervous system depression, headache, dizziness, incoordination, nausea and loss of appetite. Aspiration (liquid enters the lung), may cause lung damage due to chemical pneumonia, a condition caused by petroleum-like solvents.
Minute amounts of petroleum hydrocarbons aspirated into the lungs during ingestion or vomiting may cause mild to severe pulmonary injury and possible death.
Individuals with preexisting diseases of the kidneys or liver may have increased susceptibility to the toxicity of excessive exposures.
Ethylbenzene has been classified by the Internal Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as possibly carcinogenic to humans (Group 2B). This IARC classification was based upon limited evidence of carcinogenicity to animals and inadequate evidence of carcinogenicity to humans.
Stability and Reactivity
Note: Review fire fighting measures and handling (PERSONNEL) Sections before proceeding with clean up. Use appropriate PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT during clean up. Soak up with sawdust, sand, oil dry or other absorbent material. Remove source of heat, sparks, flame, impact, friction, or electricity. Dike spill. Prevent material from entering sewers, waterways, or low areas.
Accidental Release Measures
Handling (Physical Aspects)
TSCA Inventory Status................ Reported / Included
Title III Hazard Classifications Sections 311, 312
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