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RMC-103 Fuel Oil Stability Additive

DESCRIPTION
RMC-103 antioxidant retards best the formation of degradation products in cracked distillates, especially when injected into refinery rundown lines before oxygen exposure.

APPLICATION
Antioxidant for burner and diesel fuels.  It retards the formation of color and other degradation products in distillate fuels.  Maximum benefits obtained when added to hot fresh fuel or its components.

CONCENTRATION
1-20 lb/1000 bbl (3-57 mg/L).

COMPOSITION
Mixture of organic amines

PROPERTIES
Appearance straw colored liquid, With amine odor
Density, lb./gal, 60F, (16C)
          Pounds/gal                 7.2
          g/ml.                 0.86
Flash Point, TCC, F (C)                 104 (40)
Viscosity, cSt @ -40F (-40C)                 6
          0F (-18C).                 3.3
          100F (38C).                 1.2

ADDITION
Either concentrated or in stock solution, using proportioning pump or batch addition.  Add as early in refining process as practicable.  Recommended copper lines should not be used with the concentrates.

PERSONAL SAFETY, FIRST AID AND STORAGE AND HANDLING
See the Material Safety Data Sheet for product specific information.


Accidental Release Measures

Note: Review fire fighting measures and handling (PERSONNEL) Sections before proceeding with clean up.  Use appropriate PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT during clean up.  Soak up with sawdust, sand, oil dry or other absorbent material.  Remove source of heat, sparks, flame, impact, friction, or electricity.  Dike spill.  Prevent material from entering sewers, waterways, or low areas.

Spill Clean-Up
Absorb spill with inert material.  Thoroughly wash spill area with water after clean-up.

Accidental Release Measures
Spills are very slippery and should be cleaned up promptly.

Handling and Storage

Handling (Personnel)
Avoid breathing vapors or mist.  Avoid contact with eyes, skin, or clothing. Wash thoroughly after handling. 

Handling (Physical Aspects)
Keep away from heat, sparks and flames.

Storage
Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.  Store in accordance with National Fire Protection Association recommendations.

Physical and Chemical Properties

Physical Data
Appearance  Colorless - Straw Colored
Form. Liquid
Odor Strong Amine
Specific Gravity. 0.85 @ 60/60F (16/16C)
Density 7.2 lbs./gal @ 60F (16C)
Solubility in water Insoluble
Boiling Point 162-165C (324-329F) @ 760 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure 3.6 mm Hg @ 20C

Stability and Reactivity

Chemical Stability
Stable at normal temperatures and storage conditions.

Incompatibility
Incompatible with mineral acids.

Decomposition
Hazardous decomposition products are CO, CO2 and NOX.

Polymerization
Will not occur.

Toxicological Information

Animal Data
RMC-103:
   Inhalation 8 hour............................. Lethal in rats
   Inhalation > 8 min................ Saturated Vapor 20
C
   Inhalation 2 hour LC50................ 1,889 ppm in rats
   Skin Absorption LD50........ >10,000 mg/kg in rabbits
   Oral LD50............................. ... 425 mg/kg in rats

The compound is corrosive to skin and eyes, but is not a skin sensitizer in animals.  Inhalation is reported to cause respiratory irritation.  The effects in animals from repeated exposure by inhalation, ingestion or skin contact have not been determined.  No animal test data are available to define carcinogenic, mutagenic, developmental or reproductive hazards.

Ecological Information

         
96 hour LC50, fathead minnow: 18 mg/L
         96 hour LC50, golden orfe: 22-46 mg/L

US Federal Regulations

TSCA Inventory Status............Reported / Included

Title III Hazard Classifications Sections 311, 312
        
Acute  ...................... Yes 
       Chronic......................  No  
       Fire .........................  Yes    
       Reactivity................... No    
       Pressure ............. .....  No


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RMC-103   Material Safety Data Sheet

Composition / Ingredient Information

 
        Material                             CAS Number              %
N, N-Dimethylcyclohexylamine         98-94-2        99-100

Hazardous Identification

Potential Health Effects
Skin contact with the product may cause skin burns or ulceration.  Significant skin permeation and systemic toxicity after contact appears unlikely.  There are no reports of human sensitization.  Eye contact may cause eye corrosion with cornea or conjunctival ulcerations.  Inhalation may include irritation of the upper respiratory passages; temporary lung irritation effects with cough, discomfort, difficulty breathing or shortness of breath.  N,N-Dimethylcylohexylamine is very toxic by ingestion.  Ingestion may include severe burns of the mouth and tissues of he upper gastrointestinal tract with severe pain, bleeding, vomiting, diarrhea, and collapse of blood pressure; or nonspecific discomfort, such as nausea, headache, or weakness. No adequate epidemiological studies are available for this compound.

Carcinogenicity Information
None of the components present in this material at concentrations equal to or greater than 0.1% are listed by iarc, ntp, osha or ACGIH as a carcinogen.

First Aid Measures

Inhalation
If inhaled, remove to fresh air.  If not breathing, give artificial respiration.  If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.  Call a physician.

Skin Contact
Flush skin with water after contact.  Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.

Eye Contact
In case of contact immediately, flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes.  Call a physician.

Ingestion
If swallowed, do not induce vomiting.  Allow victim to rinse his mouth and then to drink 2-4 cupfuls of water.  Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.  Call a physician.

Notes to Physicians
Activated charcoal mixture may be administered.  To prepare activated charcoal mixture, suspend 50 grams activated charcoal in 400-ml water and mix thoroughly.  Administer 5 ml/kg or 350 ml for an average adult.

Because of the danger of aspiration, emesis or gastric lavage should not be employed unless the risk is justified by the presence of additional toxic substances.  Activated charcoal may induce vomiting, but may be given after emesis or lavage to absorb toxic additives.  Steroid therapy in mild to moderate cases does not improve outcome.  Bacterial pneumonia often occurs after exposure, but prophylactic antibiotics are not indicated and should be reserved for documented bacterial pneumonia.

Fire Fighting Measures

Flammable Properties
Flash Point 41C (106F)
Method PMCC
Autoignition 215C
Method ASTM D2155

Extinguishing Media
Water Spray, Foam, Dry Chemical, CO2.

Fire Fighting Instructions
Wear self-contained breathing apparatus.  Wear full protective equipment.

Exposure Controls

Engineering Controls
Use only with adequate ventilation.  Keep container tightly closed.

Personal Protective Equipment

Eye/Face Protection
Wear coverall chemical splash goggles or safety glasses.
Respirators
Where there is potential for airborne exposures in excess of applicable limits, wear
NIOSH/MSHA approved respiratory protection.
Protective Clothing
Where there is potential for skin contact have available and wear as appropriate
Impervious gloves, apron, pants, hood and jacket.

Exposure Limits

RMC-103:
          
PEL(OSHA)................... None established
        
TLV(ACGIH).................. None established

Disposal Considerations

Waste Disposal
Treatment, storage, transportation, and disposal must be in accordance with applicable Federal, State/Provincial and Local regulations.

Shipping Information

DOT
      Proper Shipping Name........Dimethylcyclohexylamine
      Hazard Class...................8 (3)
      I.D. No. (UN/NA)..............UN 2264
      Packing Group..................II
      DOT Label(s)..............Corrosive & Flammable Liquid

IMO
     
Proper Shipping Name........ Dimethylcyclohexylamine
     Hazard Class.................... 8 (3)
     I.D. No. (UN).....................UN 2264
     Packing Group....................II
     Special Information.............Flash Point 40C
    IMO Label.....................Corrosive & Flammable Liquid

Shipping Containers

          
Steel Drums UN1A1/Y/100

The data in this Material Safety Data Sheet relates only to the specific material designated herein and does not relate to use in combination with any other material or in any process.

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