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RMC-106 Fuel Oil Stability Additive

DESCRIPTION
RMC-106 is a high performance antioxidant that retards formation of color and sediment in cracked distillates.

APPLICATION
An advanced antioxidant for burner and diesel fuels.  It retards the formation of color and sediment.  Maximum benefits when added to cracked components before oxygen exposure.

CONCENTRATION
1-12 lb/1000 bbl (3-35 mg/L).

COMPOSITION
Organic amines and solvent.

PROPERTIES
Appearance. amber liquid, mild amine order Density, lb./gal, 60F, (16C)
    Pounds/gal 6.9
    g/mL 0.83
Flash Point, PMCC, F (C) 158 (70)
Viscosity, cSt @ 100F (38C). 2.6
32F (0C) 8.6
0F (-18C) 22
-40F (-40C). 71

ADDITION

Concentrated or in stock solution using proportioning pump or batch addition.  Add as early in refining processing as practical.  Copper lines should not be used.

PERSONAL SAFETY, FIRST AID AND STORAGE AND HANDLING

See the Material Safety Data Sheet for product specific information.


Physical and Chemical Properties

Physical Data
Appearance................... Clear Amber
Form............................ Liquid
Odor............................ Amine and Hydrocarbon
Specific Gravity............. 0.83 @ 60/60F (16/16C)
Density........................ 6.9 lbs./gal. @ 60F (16C)
Solubility in water........... 2.0 wt%
Viscosity, cSt @............ 0F   (-18C)...........22
32F   (0C)..............9
100F (38C).............3

Stability and Reactivity

Chemical Stability
Stable at normal temperatures and storage conditions.

Incompatibility
Incompatible with strong oxidizers.

Decomposition
Decomposes with heat.  Decomposition products include oxides of carbon and nitrogen.

Polymerization
Will not occur.

Toxicological Information

Animal Data
    Kerosene:
     Inhalation 4 Hr. LC50:................ >5,000 mg/m3  
     in ratsSkin Absorption LD50:...... >2,000 mg/kg in
     rabbitsOral LD50:.... >12,700 mg/kg in guinea pigs

     Proprietary Amines:
      
Skin Absorption:............ 1,578 mg/kg in rabbits
      Oral LD50:................... 365 mg/kg in rats

The product is a DOT skin corrosive in animals.  Based on the corrosivity seen in the skin test, it is expected to be a DOT eye corrosive in animals.  Single oral dose of proprietary amines causes occular and nasal discharges, hunched posture, lethargic behavior, diarrhea, bloating of the body, and moderate to severe weight loss.  Dermal absorption of kerosene caused irritation; liver effects; kidney effects; blood effects; and decreased body weights.  Single ingestion exposure of kerosene produces intestinal irritation (anal lesions).  Liquid entering the lungs may lead to chemical pneumonitis.  A comparative ratio of oral to aspirated lethal doses of kerosene may constitute 1 pt. vs. 5 mL.  Systematic effects include GI irritation, vomiting, diarrhea, and in severe cases drowsiness and CNS depression, progressing to coma and death. 

Repeated ingestion exposure produces intestinal irritation, diarrhea, and inactivity.  Toxic effects seen in animals exposed to kerosene by inhalation include respiratory effects; lung effects; blood effects; and aortic plaques.  Tests of kerosene in animals demonstrated no developmental toxicity.  Kerosene caused genetic damage observed in bacterial cell cultures but not in animals or mammalian cell cultures.  Mouse skin painting studies indicate that petroleum middle distillates which include can cause skin cancer. 

In a 28 day oral feeding study on the trade secret components, compound related microscopic changes were observed in the brain and eyes of rats.  The effects occurred at the intermediate (750 ppm) and high (2500ppm) dose levels in the choroid plexus zone of the brain and iris of the eye.  The physiological significance of this finding is presently unknown.  Functional observational battery (FOB) assessments showed no evidence of neurotoxicity.  No toxicological effects were seen at the low (250 ppm) and intermediate (750 ppm) doses.  Results of the high dose (2500 ppm) are attributed to systemic toxicity. 

Ecological Information

Kerosene has low toxicity: 
        24 hour TLm, bluegill sunfish of 2,990 ,g/L

The proprietary amines have low to moderate acute toxicity based on the following:
       96 hour LC50 in fathead minnows of 780 mg/L.
       48 hour EC50 in daphnia magna of 10 mg/L.
       96 hour EC50 in fresh water alga of 2.9 mg/L.

However, based on review of a Premanufacture Notification (PMN) EPA concluded that the compound may be toxic to fish and other aquatic organisms.

Disposal Considerations

Waste Disposal
Treatment, storage, transportation, and disposal must be in accordance with applicable Federal, State/Provincial and Local regulations.

US Federal Regulations

TSCA Inventory Status.............Reported / Included

Other Information

npca-hmis Rating

Health......................... 3

Flammability................. 2

Reactivity.................... 0

Personal Protection rating to be supplied by user depending on use conditions

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

The manufacture and use of this compound is controlled under a TSCA Section 5(e) Consent Order.  Users should minimize releases to water.  See MSDS and applicable paragraph 5(e) Significant New Use Rule (SNUR) for details.
The data in this Material Safety Data Sheet relates only to the specific material designated herein and does not relate to use in combination with any other material or in any process.


RMC-106   Material Safety Data Sheet

Composition / Ingredient Information

          Material                   CASNumber                    %
       Proprietary Amines.................................. 65-75
       Kerosene.................. 8008-20-6.............. 25-35

Hazardous Identification

Potential Health Effects
Eye or skin contact with the product may cause eye burns with corneal or conjunctival ulceration; or skin burns with ulceration.  Kerosene can be absorbed through the skin in toxic amounts.

Inhalation of kerosene may cause lung irritation with cough, discomfort and difficulty  in breathing; central nervous system effects such as nausea, headache, dizziness, confusion and incoordination; slow and shallow respirations, convulsions and lethal heart irregularities; or loss of consciousness.

Ingestion of kerosene may cause liver or kidney effects, CNS effects such as headache, difficulty breathing, vomiting, and jaundice, or gastrointestinal irritation with upper abdominal pain, heart burn, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.  However there may be no symptoms at all.

Pulmonary fibrosis has been reported in cable plant workers exposed to mists and vapors of mineral oils and kerosene.

Individuals with preexisting diseases of the lungs, liver, or kidneys may have increased susceptibility to the toxicity of excessive exposures.

Carcinogenicity Information

None of the components present in this material at concentrations equal to or greater than 0.1% are listed by IARC, NTP, OSHA, or ACGIH as a carcinogen.

First Aid Measures

Inhalation
If inhaled, remove to fresh air.  If not breathing, give artificial respiration.  If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.  Call a physician.

Skin Contact
Flush skin with water after contact.  Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.

Eye Contact
In case of contact immediately, flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes.  Call a physician.

Ingestion
If swallowed, do not induce vomiting.  Allow victim to rinse his mouth and then to drink 2-4 cupfuls of water.  Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.  Call a physician.

Notes to Physicians
Activated charcoal mixture may be administered.  To prepare activated charcoal mixture, suspend 50 grams activated charcoal in 400-ml water and mix thoroughly.  Administer 5 ml/kg or 350 ml for an average adult.

Because of the danger of aspiration, emesis or gastric lavage should not be employed unless the risk is justified by the presence of additional toxic substances.  Activated charcoal may induce vomiting, but may be given after emesis or lavage to absorb toxic additives.  Steroid therapy in mild to moderate cases does not improve outcome.  Bacterial pneumonia often occurs after exposure, but prophylactic antibiotics are not indicated and should be reserved for documented bacterial pneumonia.

Fire Fighting Measures

Flammable Properties
          
Flash Point................. 158
F (70C)
         Method....................... PMCC

Extinguishing Media
          
Water Spray, Foam, Dry Chemical, CO2.

Fire Fighting Instructions
        
Wear self-contained breathing apparatus.  Wear full protective equipment.

Accidental Release Measures

Note: Review fire fighting measures and handling (PERSONNEL) Sections before proceeding with clean up.  Use appropriate PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT during clean up.  Soak up with sawdust, sand, oil dry or other absorbent material.  Remove source of heat, sparks, flame, impact, friction, or electricity.  Dike spill.  Prevent material from entering sewers, waterways, or low areas.

Spill Clean-Up
        
Absorb spill with inert material.  Thoroughly wash spill area with water after clean-up.

Accidental Release Measures
       
Spills are very slippery and should be cleaned up promptly.

Handling and Storage

Handling (Personnel)
Avoid breathing vapors or mist.  Avoid contact with eyes, skin, or clothing. Wash thoroughly after handling. 

Handling (Physical Aspects)
Keep away from heat, sparks and flames.

Storage
Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.  Store in accordance with National Fire Protection Association recommendations.

Exposure Controls

Engineering Controls
Use only with adequate ventilation.  Keep container tightly closed.

Personal Protective Equipment

Eye/Face Protection
Wear coverall chemical splash goggles or safety glasses.
Respirators
Where there is potential for airborne exposures in excess of applicable limits, wear
NIOSH/MSHA approved respiratory protection.
Protective Clothing
Where there is potential for skin contact have available and wear as appropriate
Impervious gloves, apron, pants, hood and jacket.

Exposure Limits

RMC-106:
         
PEL(OSHA)..............................None established
        TVL(ACGIH).............................None established

Kerosene:
         
PEL(OSHA)...................... None established
       
REL(NIOSH)......................100 mg/m3, 10 hr TWA
        AEL* (RMC-3).................. None established

* ael is RMCs acceptable exposure limit.  Where governmentally imposed occupational exposure limits which are lower than the AEL are in effect, such limits shall take precedence.

Shipping Information

DOT

Proper Shipping Name...................... Corrosive Liquid, Basic, Organic, N.O.S. (Organic Amines)
Hazard Class..................................... 8
I.D. No. (UN/NA).............................. UN 3267
Packing Group................................... II
Special Information................. Flash Point: 70
C
DOT Label(s)......................... Corrosive Liquid

IMO

Proper Shipping Name...................... Corrosive Liquid, Basic, Organic, N.O.S. (Organic Amines)
Hazard Class..................................... 8
I.D. No. (UN).................................... 3267
Packing Group................................... II
Special Information................. Flash Point: 70
C
IMO Label............................. Corrosive Liquid

Shipping Containers
          
Steel Drums UN1A1/Y/100

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