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RMC-310A
Multi-functional Fuel Oil Stability Additive

DESCRIPTION
RMC-310A is a multifunctional additive providing dispersancy, antioxidant properties, color stabilization, and copper deactivation.  Contains advanced dispersant to greatly reduce organic sediment formation during storage and provide improved filterability.  Also contains an anti-haze additive.

APPLICATION
RMC-310A imparts antioxidant and color stabilizing properties along with metal deactivation to fuel oils and diesel oils.  Maximum benefits are obtained when added to fresh fuel or its components.

CONCENTRATION
5-30 lbs./1000 bbl (14-85 mg/L)

COMPOSITION
An amber liquid blend of organic compounds.

PROPERTIES
Appearance. amber liquid
Specific Gravity, 60/60F (16/16C) 0.89
Density, lb./gal, 60F, (16C) 7.45
Flash Point, PMCC, F (C) 83 (28)
Reid Vapor Pressure
psi @ 100F (38C) 1.0
Viscosity, cSt @     0F (-18C). 400
32F (0C) 276
100F (38C) 141

ADDITION
Either concentrated or in stock solution using proportioning pump or batch addition.  Copper lines should not be used.

PERSONAL SAFETY, FIRST AID AND STORAGE AND HANDLING
See the Material Safety Data Sheet for product specific information.


Fire Fighting Measures

Flammable Properties
         
Flash Point................. 28
C (82F)
        Method....................... PMCC

Extinguishing Media
        
Water Spray, Foam, Dry Chemical, CO2.

Fire Fighting Instructions
       
Wear self-contained breathing apparatus. 
      Wear full protective equipment.

Exposure Controls

Engineering Controls
Use only with adequate ventilation.  Keep container tightly closed.

Personal Protective Equipment

Eye/Face Protection
Wear coverall chemical splash goggles or safety glasses.
Respirators
Where there is potential for airborne exposures in excess of applicable limits, wear
NIOSH/MSHA approved respiratory protection.
Protective Clothing
Where there is potential for skin contact have available and wear as appropriate
Impervious gloves, apron, pants, hood and jacket.

Exposure Limits

N,N-Dimethylcyclohexylamine:
Inhalation 8 hour Lethal in rats
Inhalation > 8 min Saturated Vapor 20C
Inhalation 2 hour LC50 1,889 ppm in rats
Skin Absorption LD50: 8,600-17,200 mg/kg in guinea pigs
OralLD50 200-400 mg/kg in rats
Xylene:
PEL(OSHA) 100 ppm, 435 ,mg/m3, 8 hr TWA
TLV (ACGIH) 100 ppm, 434 mg/m3, 8 hr TWA
STEL 150 ppm, 651 mg/m3, A4; BEI
AEL* (RMC) 100 ppm, 8 & 12 hr, TWA, skin
150 ppm, 15 minute TWA
Ethylbenzene:
PEL(OSHA) 100 ppm, 435 mg/m3, 8 hr, TWA
TLV (ACGIH) 100 ppm, 434 mg/m3, 8 hr, TWA, A3, BEI STEL 125 ppm, 543 mg/m3
AEL* (RMC) None established
N, N-Disalicylidine-1, 2-Propane Diamine:
Oral ALD 2,250 mg/kg in rats (80% Xylene)
Heavy Aromatic Naphtha:
 PEL(OSHA) None established
TLV (ACGIH) None established
AEL*KenChem) 50 ppm, 300 mg/m3, 8 hr, TWA
Isopropanol:
PEL(OSHA). 400 ppm, 980 mg/m3, 8 hr, TWA
TLV (ACGIH). 400 ppm, 983 mg/m3, 8 hr, TWA
STEL 500 ppm, 1,230 mg/m3
(Notice of intended changes for 2002:
200 ppm TWA, 400 ppm STEL, A4)
AEL* (RMC) 400 ppm, 8 PEL  (OSHA)
Mixed Cresols & Xylenols:
PEL(OSHA) 5 ppm, 22 mg/m3, 8 hr TWA, Skin
TLV (ACGIH) 5 ppm, 22 mg/m3, 8 hr TWA, Skin
AEL* (KenChem). None established

The skin notation following the exposure guideline refers to the potential for dermal absorption of the material.  It is intended to alert the reader that inhalation may not be the only route of exposure and that measures to minimize dermal exposure should be considered

* ael is RMCs acceptable exposure limit.  Where governmentally imposed occupational exposure limits which are lower than the AEL are in effect, such limits shall take precedence.

Physical and Chemical Properties

Physical Data
     
Appearance.................. Clear Amber Liquid
    Form.......................... .Liquid
    Odor........................... Hydrocarbon
    Specific Gravity............ 0.890 60/60
F (16/16C) 
    Density....................... 7.4 lb/gal 60
F (16C)

Stability and Reactivity

Chemical Stability
Stable at normal temperatures and storage conditions.

Incompatibility
Incompatible with strong oxidizers.

Decomposition
Decomposes with heat.  Decomposition products include oxides of carbon and nitrogen.

Polymerization
Will not occur.

Ecological Information

N, N-Dimethylcyclohexylamine:
96 hour LC50, fathead minnows: 18 mg/L.

Xylene:
96 hour LC50 fathead minnow: 27-42 mg/L

Ethyl Benzene:
96 hour LC50 in fathead minnows: 48.5 mg/L.

Heavy Aromatic Naphtha:  
96 hour LC50, fathead minnows: 4.2 C 20.8 mg/L

Proprietary Polymer:
96 hour LC50, static acute, (fathead minnows) of 11-15 mg/L

Isopropanol
900-1100 ppm/24 hr/chub/critical range/fresh water
96 hour LC50, fathead minnows: 11,130 mg/L

Disposal Considerations

Waste Disposal
Treatment, storage, transportation, and disposal must be in accordance with applicable Federal, State/Provincial and Local regulations.

Accidental Release Measures

Note: Review fire fighting measures and handling (PERSONNEL) Sections before proceeding with clean up.  Use appropriate PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT during clean up.  Soak up with sawdust, sand, oil dry or other absorbent material.  Remove source of heat, sparks, flame, impact, friction, or electricity.  Dike spill.  Prevent material from entering sewers, waterways, or low areas.

Spill Clean-Up
        
Absorb spill with inert material.  Thoroughly wash spill area with water after clean-up.

Accidental Release Measures
       
Spills are very slippery and should be cleaned up promptly.

Handling and Storage

Handling (Personnel)
Avoid breathing vapors or mist.  Avoid contact with eyes, skin, or clothing. Wash thoroughly after handling. 

Handling (Physical Aspects)
Keep away from heat, sparks and flames.

Storage
Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.  Store in accordance with National Fire Protection Association recommendations.

US Federal Regulations

TSCA Inventory Status.......... Reported / Included

Title III Hazard Classifications Sections 311, 312
 
          Acute..........................Yes
            Chronic........................No
            Fire............................Yes
            Reactivity................... No
            Pressure.................... .No


RMC-310A Material Safety Data Sheet

Composition / Ingredient Information
Material  CASNumber %
N, N-Dimethylcyclohexylamine 98-94-2 25-35
*Xylene 1330-20-7 35-45
*Ethyl Benzene 100-41-4 (5-10)
Proprietary Polymer 20-30
Isopropyl Alcohol 67-63-0. 0-5
N, N-Disalicylidine-1, 2-Propane Diamine 94-91-7 2-5
Mixed Cresols & Xylenols 0-0.3
Heavy Aromatic Naphtha. 64742-94-5 1-3

*Disclosure as a toxic chemical is required under Section 313 of Title III of the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1986 and 40 CFR part 372.

Hazardous Identification

Potential Health Effects
Skin contact with the product may cause skin irritation, burns or ulceration.  Eye contact may cause eye irritation, or corrosion with cornea or conjunctival ulcerations.  Ingestion may cause gastrointestinal tract irritation and burns.

Skin contact may cause skin irritation with discomfort or rash.  Xylene can penetrate the skin in amounts capable of causing systemic toxicity.

Eye contact may cause eye irritation with discomfort, tearing or blurring of vision.

Inhalation of Ethylbenzene may cause irritation of the upper respiratory passages with coughing and discomfort.

Inhalation or ingestion of Xylene or Ethylbenzene may cause nonspecific discomfort, such as nausea, headache, or weakness; or temporary nervous system depression with anesthetic effects such as dizziness, headache, confusion, incoordination, and loss of consciousness. 

Inhalation or ingestion of Ethylbenzene may cause abnormal liver or kidney function. 

Ingestion of Xylene or Ethylbenzene may cause gastrointestinal tract irritation.  Aspiration of Ethyl benzene into the lungs during ingestion or vomiting may lead to chemical pneumonitis.

Higher exposure to Xylene may lead to cardiac stress; anemia and other blood changes; respiratory effects; possible liver and kidney damage; or fatality from gross overexposure.

Inhalation or ingestion of Heavy Aromatic Naphtha may cause central nervous system depression with anesthetic effects, such as dizziness, headache, confusion, incoordination and loss of consciousness.  Higher exposures may result in fatality from gross overexposure.  Ingestion may cause gastrointestinal irritation.  Aspiration hazard!  Small amounts aspirated into the lungs during ingestion or vomiting may cause lung injury, possibly leading to death.  Symptoms of aspiration into the lungs include coughing, gasping, choking, shortness of breath, bluish discolored skin, rapid breathing and heart rate.  Chemical pneumonitis from aspiration may result in fever.  Pulmonary edema or bleeding, drowsiness, confusion, coma and seizures may occur in more serious cases.  Symptoms may develop immediately or as late as 24 hours after the exposure, depending on how much chemical entered the lungs.

Carcinogenicity Information
Ethylbenzene has been classified by the Internal Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) as possibly carcinogenic to humans (Group 2B).  This IARC classification was based upon limited evidence of carcinogenicity to animals and inadequate evidence of carcinogenicity to humans.

First Aid Measures

Inhalation
If inhaled, remove to fresh air.  If not breathing, give artificial respiration.  If breathing is difficult, give oxygen.  Call a physician.

Skin Contact
Flush skin with water after contact.  Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.

Eye Contact
In case of contact immediately, flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes.  Call a physician.

Ingestion
If swallowed, do not induce vomiting.  Allow victim to rinse his mouth and then to drink 2-4 cupfuls of water.  Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.  Call a physician.

Notes to Physicians
Activated charcoal mixture may be administered.  To prepare activated charcoal mixture, suspend 50 grams activated charcoal in 400-ml water and mix thoroughly.  Administer 5 ml/kg or 350 ml for an average adult.

Because of the danger of aspiration, emesis or gastric lavage should not be employed unless the risk is justified by the presence of additional toxic substances.  Activated charcoal may induce vomiting, but may be given after emesis or lavage to absorb toxic additives.  Steroid therapy in mild to moderate cases does not improve outcome.  Bacterial pneumonia often occurs after exposure, but prophylactic antibiotics are not indicated and should be reserved for documented bacterial pneumonia.

Toxicological Information

Animal Data
     Xylene (mixed isomers):
    Inhalation 4 hour LC50.............6,700 ppm in rats
    Skin absorption L.............. 4,320 mg/kg in rabbits
    Oral ALD............................  4,500 mg/kg in rats

   
Ethylbenzene:
    
Inhalation 4 hour LC50..........>4,000 ppm in rats
    Skin absorption LD50...... ~15,000 mg/kg in mice
    Oral LD50..............................>3,500 mg/kg in rats

  
Isopropanol:
   Inhalation 4 hours LC50 ........16,000   ppm in ratsSkin
   absorption LD50.................. 16.37 ml/kg
                                           (c.12,900 mg/kg)Oral    
   LD50................................. 4,700 mg/kg in rats

   
Heavy Aromatic Naphtha:
    Inhalation 6 hour LC50.............. >11.67 mg/L in rats
    Skin Absorption LD50........... >3,160 mg/kg in rabbits
    Oral LD50.............................. >5,000 mg/kg in rats

      Proprietary Polymer:
      
Oral ALD............................. >11,000 mg/kg in rats

The product contains components that are corrosive to skin, corrosive in the eye, and are untested for animal sensitization.  By ingestion, some product components are corrosive to the gastrointestinal tract.  By inhalation the product may cause irritation of the respiratory tract and lung effects.  No animal test data are available to define carcinogenic, mutagenic, developmental, or reproductive hazards.

Dermal absorption of Xylene in animals causes narcosis.  Toxic effects described in animals by inhalation include upper respiratory irritation; central nervous system effects; behavioral effects; decreased weight gain; hearing loss; and effects on the blood, liver, kidneys, heart, spleen, lungs and bone marrow. By ingestion, xylene caused central nervous system effects; decreased body weight and liver effects.  Tests of xylene in animals demonstrate no carcinogenic activity.  Xylene does not produce heritable genetic damage in animals or genetic damage in bacterial or mammalian cell cultures.  Although abnormal sperm were observed after an interperitoneal injection in rats, xylene did not produce reproductive effects.  Developmental toxicity was observed in animals exposed to xylene but only at concentrations that were maternally toxic.

Isopropanol is not a skin irritant, is a mild eye irritant, and is untested for animal sensitization.  The effects in animals from single exposure by inhalation include microscopic and morphologic changes of the epithilial cells of the nose and middle ear mucosa.  Repeated exposures resulted in narcosis and fatty degeneration of the liver.  No lung tumors were observed in a long term inhalation exposure.  Single dermal application of a 70% solution showed significant skin absorption.  Repeated of the skin.  Long term dermal applications of a 50% solution to the face of rats resulted in no adverse effects.  Toxicity described in animals from single ingestion exposure include narcotic effects.  Repeated administration of approximately 6 g/kg in rats demonstrated no effects on growth or liver weights.  Long term administration of a 1% solution to rats caused effects on body weight gain and growth.  Dogs administered 1300 mg/kg exhibited signs of drunkenness.  No adequate animal test reports are available to define carcinogenic hazards.  Continuedoluntary drinking of 2.5% aqueous Isopropanol through two successive generations of rats produced no reproductive effects.  Developmental toxicity was observed only at maternally toxic dose levels.  The compound does not produce genetic damage in bacterial or mammalian cell cultures but has not been tested in animals.

Heavy Aromatic Naphtha is a severe skin irritant, and is an eye irritant, but is not a skin sensitizer in animals.  Repeated inhalation exposures caused reduced growth rate, respiratory tract irritation, congestion in liver and spleen, changes in blood tests and equilibrium disturbances.  No animal test reports are available to define carcinogenic, mutagenic, developmental or reproductive hazards.

Shipping Information

DOT
    Proper Shipping Name..... Corrosive Liquid, Flammable, N.O.S
                                      (Organic Amines, Xylene)
    Hazard Class................ 8 (3)
    I.D. No. (UN/NA)........... UN 2920
    Packing Group.............. II
    Special Information....... Flash Point: 28
C
        Marine Pollutant.......
    Reportable Quantity...... 100 lb. Xylene
    DOT Label(s)............... Corrosive & Flammable Liquid
IMO
    Proper Shipping Name.... Corrosive Liquid, Flammable, N.O.S
                                     (Organic Amines, Xylene)
    Hazard Class................ 8 (3)
    I.D. No. (UN)............... 2920
    Packing Group.............. II
    Special Information....... Flash Point: 28
C
        Marine Pollutant....... No
    IMO Label.................... Corrosive & Flammable Liquid

Shipping Containers

Steel Drums UN1A1/Y/100

The data in this Material Safety Data Sheet relates only to the specific material designated herein and does not relate to use in combination with any other material or in any process.

Other Information

npca-hmis Rating
         
Health......................... 3
        Flammability................. 3
        Reactivity.................... 0

Personal Protection rating to be supplied by user depending on uses conditions

The data in this Material Safety Data Sheet relates only to the specific material designated herein and does not relate to use in combination with any other material or in any process.

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